As argued above, in retail trade this change in the business model has arguably had some positive effects where the decline in startups and dynamism is associated with improved productivity in this sector. Recently, Goodstein stated that there are currently about 40, Anya, and R. Network externalities imply common adoption of software and hardware platforms.
Adoption of IT alone has not been sufficient to guarantee gains in productivity; new technologies must be accompanied by changes in the organizational structure of firms, including human resource practices.
The New Psychological Contract As work changes, so does the nature of the relationships between employees and employers. Increased adoption of these knowledge-distributing technologies, in conjunction with the ongoing acceleration in the size of the knowledge base, will result in a knowledge environment that will be dramatically both more munificent and more burdensome than that confronting organizations today.
Teams as basic building blocks—The move toward a team-based organizational structure results from pressures to make rapid decisions, to reduce inefficiencies, and to continually improve work processes.